Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay about Human Trafficking in the United Kingdom

Human trafficking is not just a part of our history; it is continuously growing around the world today because of traffickers who are using it as an easy way to make a profit. Victims of human trafficking feel as if they have no way to escape because they have limited ways to survive or make a good enough living to support themselves along with their families outside of the sex industry. Women, children and even men from time to time are taken before they get the opportunity to receive little if any education, at all. Therefore, many who could’ve gotten out of the sex industry chose to stay out of fear to return back home after years to be discriminated against by their own families and communities, knowing getting a job would be nearly†¦show more content†¦After they realize they are stuck in a foreign country without a passport, they come to find out there isn’t anywhere to run. Today, in our society, human trafficking and prostitution are bigger than ever. M en, women and even children are being taken to trade as sexual exploitation every day. As a whole, we need to stand against traffickers and those who are involved. We need to execute a plan to eliminate trafficking, spread awareness and provide help for those who have been trafficked, to show them they do have a choice. While many believe the selling and trading of sex is only another job and therefore should be made legal and safe, others feel that even sex between consenting adults is wrong and exploitative. However, both sides agree that prostitution is equal to slavery when children and young people are involved because of how hazardous the work is and the fact they cannot give legal consent for themselves. Children around the world are being taken at all ages, most are unaware they are even in danger until it’s too late. A report from the Inter-Departmental Ministerial Group on human trafficking in 2011 found that 234 out of 946 potential victims were children. Kids outs ide of Amsterdam, as young as ten years old, can be trafficked to work long hours on farms as house girls or in local bars. This can often lead to prostitution. The boys who are taken tend herds ofShow MoreRelatedHuman Trafficking : The Second Largest Organized Crime980 Words   |  4 PagesHuman trafficking is the second largest organized crime in the world (Attorney General s Office, and Heald, Oliver QC MP). For years, people have enlisted work to be completed by slaves. These slaves are sometimes children whose parents are unable to care for them due to poverty. The desire for slavery has evolved to trafficking. This result, can affect children of all ages, although most children are twelve years or older when they are identified (Setter). Children are often tricked, forcedRead MoreThe Ongoing Trial of Human Trafficking Essay1467 Words   |  6 Pages Human trafficking is not just a part of our history; it is continuously growing around the world today because of trafficke rs who are using it as an easy way to make a profit. Victims of human trafficking feel as if they have no way to escape because they have limited ways to survive or make a good enough living to support themselves along with their families outside of the sex industry. Women, children and even men are taken from time to time before they get the opportunity to receive little ifRead MoreThe Modern Slavery that is Taking Place in our World Today1033 Words   |  4 Pagesaway.† In 1865, slavery was abolished here in the United States. It states in the thirteen amendment that, â€Å"neither slavery, nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.† Although slavery was abolished there are twenty-seven million people in modern day slavery, around the world because of human trafficking in the forms of bonded labor, forced labor, andRead MoreHuman Trafficking Supply Chain Risk1160 Words   |  5 Pagesntro: Human Trafficking Supply Chain Risk When the media talks about human trafficking, the first thing that comes to mind is the kidnapping and sale of women and children. Of girls lured from their homes. But human trafficking is more than just sex trafficking. Many victims of trafficking are conscripted into modern-day slavery through force, fraud, or coercion. This takes the form of debt bondage, forced labor, and involuntary child labor. Human Trafficking is also a supply chain issue. HumanRead MoreWhat Is More Harm Than Good?1721 Words   |  7 PagesMore harm than good? The impact of the United Kingdom’s laws and policies on sex workers’ and trafficked individuals’ human rights or Would U.K laws and policies on sex workers and trafficked individuals be more effective if society understood and accepted the problem? Research background and questions According to the United Kingdom Home Office, the anti†slavery legislation currently being upheld in the United Kingdom (hereinafter UK), uses the term modern slavery as a catch-all phrase whenRead MoreHuman Trafficking : The Violation Of Human Rights1494 Words   |  6 PagesHuman Trafficking What is the most basic of all human needs? One might answer food, water, and shelter. What is the most basic of all human rights? It should go without saying that the most basic of all human rights is freedom or personal liberty rather than bondage or slavery. If being free rather than in bondage is a human right, why is it that so many are held in bondage against their will? United Nations According to the United Nations website, Human Trafficking is defined as: The recruitmentRead MoreInternational Law Threatens Western Countries1262 Words   |  6 Pagesrelation to comparative criminology in the second and the third part with illustration of various international data. Firstly, violations of international law generally refer to violation of human rights. Human rights are a complex area in international theory and practice. It is considered as International Human Rights Law in its legal manifestation (Cali, 2010:282). The International Law Commission defines the concept that crime against humanity contravenes peace and security (Cali, 2010:282). SinceRead MoreDaniela Khodorov. Core Global Issues. May 1, 2017. Human1352 Words   |  6 PagesMay 1, 2017 Human Trafficking in Brazil According to statistics from the United States Department of State, there are reportedly over 13 million people being forced into human trafficking, specifically sex trades. Sex trafficking is one of the most profitable crimes making 7 to 12 billion dollars yearly around the world (Research Paper). This is also often times referred to as â€Å"modern day slavery† as adults and children are exploited and striped of their human rights. Most commonlyRead MoreHuman Dignity And The Inalienable Rights Of Every Person1251 Words   |  6 PagesWhen Europeans began to colonize the New World at the end of the 15th century, they were well aware of the institution of slavery. Slavery has been a part of human society since its beginning and it continues to increase today. This kind of activities continues to growth in today’s society in different forms every country in the world. Mostly women are forced to practice prostitution, children and adults may be required to work in farmi ng or factories producing goods for global corporate companiesRead MoreSex Trafficking: Modern-day Slavery Essay1131 Words   |  5 PagesSex trafficking according to the National Human Trafficking (2000) is defined as a modern-day form of slavery in which a commercial sex act in induced by force, fraud or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act is under the age of 18 years. Sex trafficking is mostly comprises of force, fraud and underage women or men to engaged in unwilling activities in order to get what they need in life. Most often people are brought to the United State specifically in search of job but

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Effect Of Cronbachs Alpha, Mean, And Standard...

1 Table 3 below presents the results for each of the main research constructs for the Cronbach’s alpha, mean, and standard deviation for each question. From this table, it is evident that the questions strongly relate to each construct measurement with all items scoring a greater than 0.8 Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. The internal consistency of these items can be deemed reliable as researchers generally suggest that values above 0.7 are acceptable with values above 0.8 being preferable (Pallant, 2013). Because the reliability of these construct measurements was established, the later statistical analysis presented in this study can allow for valid generalizations to be extrapolated from the survey data. 5.2 Are we Related (Correlations of Variables) According to Sanders et al, correlations of 0.5 (or-.5) can demonstrate strong relationships between variables (Saunders, 2012). However, most researchers generally cap correlations at .85 (or -.85) suggesting that too high of a correlation may reduce the variables discriminate validity, that is the variables are measuring the same or similar constructs (Churchill Jr, 1979). The correlation between the constructs developed for this project were considered using the Pearson’s r correlation coefficient in Figure 2 below. The results of the survey suggest there is a strong positive relationship between brand satisfaction and the potential for bike sharing to satisfy both latent (Pearson’s r =.826) and expressed needs ofShow MoreRelatedPositive And Negative Impacts Of Daily Moods1138 Words   |  5 Pages Of the TEDS sample, 314 sets of twins, both identical and fraternal, were gathered and permissions were received from guardians. An online questionnaire consisting of 10 questions was created; there were 5 questions for positive affect (assessing the traits active, alert, attentive, determined, and inspired) and 5 questions for negative affect (afraid, ashamed, hostile, nervous, and upset). The items were rated on a 5-point Likert scale, though no specific reasoning for the exact designations wasRead MoreWhat Is Escom Network Performance901 Words   |  4 Pagesquestionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of closed ended questions which were guided by conceptual and empirical literature. Mitchel and Jolley (2004), self-administered questionnaire was easily distributed to a large number of people. The data used both qualitative and quantitative that was used to reduce the weakness of relying on one type of data set. The questionnaire was divided into six sections as shown in appendix V and it was comprised of 36 questions based on the key variables studied in the literatureRead MoreProject Management Plan for Restaurant2935 Words   |  12 PagesAccording to attribute-value theory (Mowen and Minor, 1998), consumers base their choice on different attributes. Consumers may be attracted by price, by quality, by location etc. Consumers weigh up the overall value in terms of the presence and weight of each attribute. A favorable overall attitude is expected to result in repeat business. Over the last decades, several studies on market segmentation in the hospitality sector have demonstrated that consumers’ requirements of hospitality services differRead MoreSmartphone Usage Among Students9120 Words   |  37 Pagessmartphones by students such as to use it as a medium of learning. On the others hand, negative attitude such as to abuse the use of smartphone will develop negative effects to the users such as incompetent and unable to meet deadlines and reduces the productivity which will affect the user overall daily routine. The next question that we want to research is on whether perceived behavioural control can influence the intention to use smartphones. Perceived behavioural control is an individual’sRead MoreSocial Networking Site14603 Words   |  59 Pagesvary in the extent to which they incorporate new information and communication tools, such as mobile connectivity, blogging and photo/ video-sharing. Besides that, a social networking site is just a means for building these social networks. These sites are made up of some web representation for each network member (a profile) a list of their links or interests, and some kind of kook or gimmick to set that particular site apart from the crowd. A lot of social networking sites start to appear fromRead MoreEffectiveness of Celebrity Endorsements for Non-Profit Organization7714 Words   |  31 Pagesrelated factors influence donor/volunteer perceptions of the non-profit organization endorsed. RBUS2900 Business Research Method Assignment 2 Part B EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This proposal is written to address the concerns of PeTA in investigating the effect that celebrity endorsers have on the organisation that they endorse. In particular, three aspects of the celebrity will be analysed. Firstly, due to the high number of advertisement used by PeTA that feature near nude celebrities, this paper willRead MoreValidity and Reliability of the Job Content Questionnaire in Formal and Informal Jobs in Brazil6188 Words   |  25 Pages9; informal jobs: c=34.5). The averages of the Portuguese JCQ scales did not differ substantially from those obtained in other European, North American, and Japanese studies, albeit they were slightly lower in the Brazilian case. In general, Cronbach’s alpha coefficients revealed performance similar to other large-sample studies, showing acceptable internal consistency. The coefficients were relatively similar for formal and informal jobs. Factor analysis revealed high consistency with the theoreticalRea d MorePurpose. The Purpose Of This Non-Experimental Communication2526 Words   |  11 Pagesaccomplish set goals (Babcock-Roberson and Strickland, 2010). Transformational Leadership James MacGregor Burns first introduced transformational leadership concept in 1978. He first defined leadership as a process that, â€Å"leaders and followers raise each other to higher levels of morality and motivation† (Coppola Ledlow, 2014. p. 119). Burns believed that transformational leaders demonstrate vision, empathy, they are self-assured, committed, and they have the ability to help others achieve theirRead MoreI Routinely Declare My Belief That Trustworthy Relationships1329 Words   |  6 PagesFor more information, if you’re interested, please see the end of this discussion for more information regarding these two theories. According to Creswell, when a theory becomes a framework for an entire study, it becomes a model for the research questions or hypothesis and for the procedures used for data collection (Creswell, 2014). All four hypotheses corroborates the study’s framework. I created a visual depiction or flow chart to understand the how the hypotheses were intertwined. This providedRead MoreThe Effects Of Physical Activity On College Students2113 Words   |  9 Pagesperceived stress because of their class work. Ninety undergraduate students participated in a survey after signing a consent form; the survey included demographic questions, a Perceived Stress Scale, and a Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire. Questions regarding their stress levels in the past month and how much physical activity each participant engaged in in the past 12 months were asked in the survey. Using linear regression, the results showed that the more strenuous physical activity undergraduate

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

An Article on Latest Fashion Trend Free Essays

Latest Fashion Trend in Bangladesh-A Perspective Study Fashion changes with the march of time in modern ages throughout the world. What is fashion today becomes past tomorrow and new and new fashions emerge. Evidently fashion becomes modern and ultra modern day by day. We will write a custom essay sample on An Article on Latest Fashion Trend or any similar topic only for you Order Now Bangladesh is no exception of that change of fashion. Obviously we have to study fashion changes in Bangladesh. We know fashion is a combination of styles right from the hair down to the everyday wears including shoes. Modern changes of wears and dresses have remarkably been observed throughout Bangladesh. Women of all ages choose a fashionable and trendy wear now-a-days. They look for loose wears which is colorful but comfortable. Now is the trend for fashionable wears with variety of piping. As ceremonial dress women prefer gorgeous dresses and sarees of chiffon and muslin with blouses of various cuts and designs befitting to saree-wears. Along with three quarter salwar, women are also wearing dividers and salwar with piping. These fashions are growing popular day by day. Short kameez is out and long kameez has again revived their early place. With long kameez are added long or three quartered sleeves. In university campus, offices and parties, long kameez and leggings are preferred by women of all ages. Floral prints, yokes, laces and embroidery on long kameez are also very popular now. In the same contrast color there is variety in dresses and wears. Of the casual dresses women prefer kurta and tops along with jeans and leggings. Kaaftan is now growing famous in ladies wears. Cap sleeve, bell sleeve, kimono sleeve, mutton lake sleeve cuts are given to dress sleeves. In case of neck designs various changes and cuts are also observed. Kameez, kurta, skirt or even bags of tie die and boutique are back in modern fashions. Young girls like shoes with jeepers at the heel. They are also wearing flat shoes with churidaars. Ballerina is now on top fashion. It is old fashion to wear heavy ornaments of gold and silver. Time has changed and women prefer pendent with small colorful stones. Earrings are also small and a matching bangle or bracelet in hand. Men are now fashionable and casual in t-shirts and jeans. Shoe styles have also changed. Long pointed shoes are now preferred. Sun glasses of different cuts and styles with colorful glasses are liked by both young men and women. Strap sandals are also a fashion item for the casual wear of men. But for formal wears they like full sleeve shirts with normal pants of different brands and formal shoes. Finally they are out for any occasion with light gel in hair and lot of confidence with a trendy look. We know a thing of beauty is a joy forever. What looks you beautiful, what makes you comfortable and what gives you delights and joy is the fashion. Today’s fashion will be left aside for tomorrow’s incoming styles and fittings. Such is the trend of fashion in Bangladesh which has to walk a long journey ahead. How to cite An Article on Latest Fashion Trend, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Gathers Information Of Unmatched Esteems â€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Gathers Information Of Unmatched Esteems? Answer: Introduction Huge information frequently shows the assigned stage of calculations, framework business and innovation that gathers the information of unmatched esteems, assortment and volume. This extraction is finished by huge measure of investigations that are progressed and can parallel calculation. The Big Data sources are various and are in vast number. The sight and sound sensors are circulated more than a few perspectives portable media transmission gadgets, IoT (Internet of Things), business process conveyance and other online applications. These are all hopeful information suppliers. With the expansion of Big Data calculations and advances, are gradually expanding the adequacy in basic leadership in complex groups and association. Yet, the expansion of advantages there are additionally augmentation of malignant advancements that makes dangers to the association. ENISA talks about the above issue in this exploration paper and investigates the parts of both the significance and dangers iden tified with Big Data. This examination and its result depend on work area research and audit of gathering papers, articles, specialized online journals and an assortment of other open wellsprings of data important to Big Data. This report recognizes nusing larger part of sources counseled; the points of interest of every single narrative source counseled amid this examination are accessible on ask Provide a brief overview of the case study and prepare a diagram for the ENISA Big Data security infrastructure. By the circumstance examination of ENISA, relating to Big Data there are elaborations on threats that may occur. There has been exceedingly grabbed balance inside latest couple of years and thus the data gathering and development of information has been required to expect a real part on a couple of new perspectives in the overall population (Marinos, 2013). The point of views that must be made and impacted by the change of information development and Big data supports the security, prosperity security, surroundings and resources that are capable to imperativeness, accurately assess the transport system and insightful urban groups. The potential impact of the Big Data has been perceived by the European Commission by recognizing the indispensable approach in the Big Data. The data is according to the manner that is conceivable to the money related drive in the definitive system (Marinos, Belmonte Rekleitis, 2014). However, increase in the use of this Big Data advancement has moreover a s frequently as conceivable extended the chances of computerized strikes, data breaks and hacking. In the field of science and research there is also an enormous impact of the Big Data that continues rising. Front line and exceptionally novel ICT systems are used as a piece of the approach of Big Data. The additions of this kind of troubles are both inclining the number in complex and impact. By increase in the amount of convenience of Big Data in business and affiliations, the aggressors get spurring powers for making and practices strikes against the examination of Big Data (Fischer 2014). Development has also the ability to be used as a gadget that fights the computerized risks by offering security and insurance specialists that has vital bits of information in event organization and perils. Threats Landscapes ENISA passes on scope of this in the field of Big Data examination, by the commitments from the ENISA Threat Landscape works out. The relevant examination looks at about th e plan, the advantage logical characterization of Big Data, ENISA peril logical order the concentrated on gathering of spectators of Big Data approach, the methodology by which the context oriented examination has been done, openings of the examination in conclusion recommending the approach. Dispersed figuring is depicted as the establishment layer of Big Data system in ENISA. This may meet the structure essential like the flexibility, cost-sufficiency and the ability to scale all over (Marinos, Belmonte Rekleitis, 2014). The security structure of Big Data system in ENISA takes after: Data sources layer: This layer includes spouting data from the sensor, remarkable data sources, and sorted out information like social database, semi-composed and unstructured data. Data storing layer: This data layer is involving considerable grouping of benefits like RDF stores, NoSQL, scattered record structure and NewSQL database, that are sensible for broad number of datasets that consistent accumulating. Integration process layer: the layer stresses with indispensable data having pre-planning operation getting data along these lines joined the datasets into a sorted out casing. Presentation layer: This layer enables the portrayal progresses like web programs, desktop, PDAs and web organizations. Analytics and figuring model layer: This layer encapsulates particular data contraptions like the MapReduce that continues running over the advantages that are secured, includes the model programming and data Management. Out of the Top threats which threat would you regard to be the most significant and why? There are several kind of threats associated with Big Data as per ENISA: Eavesdropping, Interception and Hijacking Sharing of data and leakage of information due to human fault (Barnard-Wills, 2014) Leakage of data by the uses in Web (mainly because of unsecure APIs) Insufficient arranging and plan or incorrect adjustment Data interception Criminal Activity/Abuse Extortion of identity Administration denial Malicious code/movement or programming Utilization and generalization of declaration from rebel Instrumentation misuse /approval of abuse / Unauthorized exercises Disappointment in the process of business (Lvy-Bencheton et al., 2015) Legal Enactment breaches/ Individual data abusing/ Directions or law violation Lacking skills Concurring the examination of the three threats bundles the most essential hazard is the "Listening stealthily, Interception and Hijacking", since the most data and security risks are related to this peril stands up to most prominent inconveniences, like the data ruptures, hacking, advanced ambush and some more. Impacting the most private and grouped resources of the association. The rule strikes by this hazard groups are Leakage of Information/sharing on account of human bungle, Leaks of data by methods for Web applications (unsecure APIs), lacking blueprint and orchestrating or erroneous modification and Interception of information (Cho et al., 2016). The dedication of sharp contraptions and PC organize from the incredible frameworks organization to the Big Data may act assurance concern where a man's region, trade and other lead are recorded deliberately. This threat expert is adversarial in nature. Their goal is basically money related advantage having higher capacity level. Cybe rcriminals can be dealt with on an area, national or even overall level (Scott et al., 2016). These authorities are socially and politically motivated individuals using the framework or the PC system for testing and propelling purposes behind the mischief. Noticeable destinations are generally being engaged nearby information associations and military foundations (Wang, Anokhin Anderl, 2017). Identify and discuss the key Threat Agents. What could be done to minimize their impact on the system? Based on the data provided, discuss the trends in threat probability. As per the ENISA threat Landscape, the risk are depicted as something or someone having better capacity, and reasonable aims may show the risks associated and records past exercise in such manner (Barnard-Wills, Marinos Portesi, 2014). The organization utilizes Big Data applications must have knowledge about the threats that may rise and from which brunch of risk that may occur. Classifications are made by which the threats operators have been isolated in: Organizational: This arrangement suggests the endeavors or affiliations that may attract or change any systems that may be innovative and antagonistic to the wander. These are the undermining hazard administrators having the perspective to amass high ground over the contenders (Brender Markov, 2013). The relationship generally sorts their guideline targets and focusing over the size and sections the endeavors have capacities to the district of vitality, and from the region of imaginative point of view to human building knowledge in the field of dominance. Cyber Criminals: This hazard administrator is undermining in nature. Their goal is basically financial benefit having higher fitness level. Cybercriminals can be dealt with on an adjacent, national or even overall level (Le Bray, Mayer Aubert, 2016). Advanced mental oppressors: The motivation of this hazard administrator can either be religious or political, that expands the development participating in computerized attacks. The targets that are supported by the computerized mental oppressors are on a very basic level completed fundamental structure like in media transmission, imperativeness era or open human administrations system (Olesen, 2016). Content kiddies: These experts use the substance and the tasks made since these are generally bumbling, that strikes the framework or the PC structures and also destinations. Online social software engineers (hacktivists): These masters are socially and politically propelled individuals using the framework or the PC system for disagreeing and propelling explanations behind the damage. Noticeable destinations are generally being engaged close by knowledge associations and military foundations (Bugeja, Jacobsson Davidsson, 2017). Agents: Sometime the laborers for the breaking down of the association get to the association's advantages from inside and therefore hostile and non-adversarial authorities there are both considered as delegrate. This administrator fuses staffs, operational staffs, transitory laborers or security guards of the association (Belmonte Martin et al., 2015). A considerable measure of data is required for this kind of risks, which causes them in setting the suitable strike against the upsides of the association. Nation communicates: these administrators generally have antagonistic capacities in computerized security and may use it over an attempt. How could the ETL process be improved? Discuss. The risks logical classification as made by the ENISA Threat Landscape (ETL) Group and this joins perils that are apropos for the upsides of the Big Data and these can be improves by the going with ways: Tackling Bottlenecks: Creating question, for example, time, number of records orchestrated and use of equipment. Checking what number of focal points each piece of the philosophy takes and address the heaviest one (Rhee et al., 2013). Building realities and estimations in the arranging condition. Wherever your bottleneck might be, take a full breath and jump into the code. The power is in all likelihood going to be with the clients embraced. Load Data Incrementally: Changes stacked inside the old and new information that extras exceedingly arrangements of the present time. It is much hard to execute and consequently clutch the schedule, not relying upon the bother. In this manner the increased stacking can execute the ETL upgrade though these are been sorted out with add up to loads. Partition significant tables: The utilization of broad social database that may upgrade the data taking care of windows can be allocated tremendous tables. Means slash huge tables that are physically littler fundamentally by the date of execution. Each bundle has its own records and the documents tree is shallower accordingly considering snappier access to the data. It in like manner helps in trading the information inside a table smart Meta data operation instead of genuine expansion or eradication of information records. Cut out coincidental data: The social occasion of data however much as could sensibly be normal is basic, may be only one out of every odd one of the data yet rather it is select praiseworthy to enter Business server farm conveyance. In case: BI agents pointless by the furniture model's photo. The main thing that should be changed in the improvement of the ETL execution, sitting down and nature definitely that the data must be arranged and left unessential sections/lines out. It is a decent arrangement to start little and create with the development instead of making a nonsensical arrangement that may take ages to get execute. Cache the data: It is plausible for the save data to quicken fundamentally since get to memory performs speedier than the hard drives. It is to be noticed that putting away is compelled by the most preposterous measure of memory your apparatus bolster, so it is difficult to fit every one of the plastics information. Process in parallel: Other than serial planning, change of benefits is basic by parallel alteration the entire time. These techniques can scale up by updating the CPU, yet simply up to an obliged part. There can be better courses of action too. Use Hadoop: Apache Hadoop writing computer programs is an open source library including programming organization that allows the scattering method of significant game plans of data over the groups of PCs by using clear program models. It has been proposed that scales up from one-to-various machines that is, from single server to various distinctive machines and even servers storing and estimation (Skopik, Settanni Fiedler, 2016). To sum up, should ENISA be satisfied with its current state of IT Security? Why? Or Why not? As indicated by the ENISA Big Data there are few concentrates on the security structure: For the application level to the framework tradition the trusted sections may constantly be used as a piece of all levels of the information structure, which are by and large in perspective of the key organization and the most grounded methodology to encode (Karchefsky Rao, 2017). A bit of the instances of this trusted establishment are secure correspondence traditions, approval structure open key establishment parts and some more. It is major for the relationship to assert a place stock in establishment, to such a degree, to the point that to amass the information security on the commence of the wellbeing exertion at each level and thusly giving the approval structures and assistants with trust in worth trades, affiliation and electronic imprints. As the ENISA elucidated, there would be an extraordinary potential impact on increase in the gathering of data in appropriated registering for the developers, since there is constantly a probability for abuse of private and individual information. The computerized guilty parties routinely store malwares in the framework system or may use the phase to dispatch an attack for their own advantage. As a creating security issue immense data is on the most noteworthy need on the rundown as a comprehensively spreading result of dispersed figuring, social developments and other web enrollments. This has transformed into an as of late creating security issue. The data assurance is generally affected by mishandling this colossal data by unapproved customers. In any case, if there ought to be an event of promotion, tremendous data manhandle may welcome new sorts of strike vectors. There are some difficulties that has been distinguished in the arrangement of surety system in Big Data. Troubles must need data security, control accessibility of data and data filtering (Lykou, 2016). As said by the ENISA there are a couple of issues regarding monster measure of data control that is past the getting ready vitality of things in Security information and Event Management (SIEM). ENISA is happy and content with its present region of IT Security. There are gaps in data protection in view of the perils and mystery of sensor data streams. In occasions of character blackmail, the development got and the Big Data examination helps in empowering the security intrusion by invigorating the typical frameworks and on also investigate in the required fields. In year 2009 the ENISA has invigorated and overview the perils and favorable circumstances for higher reflection to the current situation of the affiliation. It has been perceived that the basic peril that is by using disseminated figuring has not changed yet rather there has been a decision of imitating the threats having the purpose of making the delineations much uniform. There has been an introduction of genuine and data security parts of Big Data and conveyed figuring. There is a continuation of checking the change related to the perils and threat of disseminated figuring and as requirements be revive the Risk Assessment (Lvy-Bencheton et al., 2015). Conclusion This report goes for researching the way that imaginative progress for immense data can meet and consolidate inventive movements in security. This should not be considered as a thorough presentation of all open and possible procedures, yet rather as an attempt to take this trade a phase forward and to associate with each and every noteworthy accomplice in a more humanistic data security driven examination change in Big Data. But as a suggest as well as conclusion of this research there are some key points that are to be identified and highlighted, such as there is a requirement to increase awareness and hence educate the users and SMEs on cloud security. Thus, by implementation of rapid monitoring mechanism, increasing accountability by the evidence-based assurance certification and solution so, the transparency of the cloud service should be improved. There is also a need of flexible policy approach over the clod service and security that may help in the advancement of the technolog y. Data protection is also considered as the most important part hence implementation of the techniques and rules must be given importance, along with Government clods that gives a lot of benefits to the security of cloud. Hence as explained before with the increase in the complex sectors there is a requirement to elaborate the security measures and hence some the specific assessment of risks associated. References Barnard-Wills, D. (2014). ENISA Threat Landscape and Good Practice Guide for Smart Home and Converged Media.ENISA (The European Network and Information Security Agency). Barnard-Wills, D., Marinos, L., Portesi, S. (2014). Threat landscape and good practice guide for smart home and converged media.European Union Agency for Network and Information Security, ENISA. Belmonte Martin, A., Marinos, L., Rekleitis, E., Spanoudakis, G., Petroulakis, N. E. (2015). Threat Landscape and Good Practice Guide for Software Defined Networks/5G. Brender, N., Markov, I. (2013). Risk perception and risk management in cloud computing: Results from a case study of Swiss companies.International journal of information management,33(5), 726-733. Bugeja, J., Jacobsson, A., Davidsson, P. (2017, March). An analysis of malicious threat agents for the smart connected home. InPervasive Computing and Communications Workshops (PerCom Workshops), 2017 IEEE International Conference on(pp. 557-562). IEEE. Cho, H., Yoon, K., Choi, S., Kim, Y. M. (2016). Automatic Binary Execution Environment based on Real-machines for Intelligent Malware Analysis.KIISE Transactions on Computing Practices,22(3), 139-144. Fischer, E. A. (2014). Cybersecurity Issues and challenges: in brief. Gorton, D. (2015). IncidentResponseSim: An agent-based simulation tool for risk management of online Fraud. InSecure IT Systems(pp. 172-187). Springer, Cham. Karchefsky, S., Rao, H. R. (2017). Toward a Safer Tomorrow: Cybersecurity and Critical Infrastructure. InThe Palgrave Handbook of Managing Continuous Business Transformation(pp. 335-352). Palgrave Macmillan UK. Le Bray, Y., Mayer, N., Aubert, J. (2016, April). Defining measurements for analyzing information security risk reports in the telecommunications sector. InProceedings of the 31st Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing(pp. 2189-2194). ACM. Lehto, M. (2015). Phenomena in the Cyber World. InCyber Security: Analytics, Technology and Automation(pp. 3-29). Springer International Publishing. Lvy-Bencheton, C., Marinos, L., Mattioli, R., King, T., Dietzel, C., Stumpf, J. (2015). Threat landscape and good practice guide for internet infrastructure.Report, European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA). Lvy-Bencheton, C., Marinos, L., Mattioli, R., King, T., Dietzel, C., Stumpf, J. (2015). Threat landscape and good practice guide for internet infrastructure.Report, European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA). Lykou, G. (2016). Critical Infrastructure Protection: Protecting Public Welfare finance. Marinos, L. (2013). ENISA Threat Landscape 2013: Overview of current and emerging cyber-threats. Heraklion: European Union Agency for Network and Information Security Publishing. doi, 10, 14231. Marinos, L., Belmonte, A., Rekleitis, E. (2014). ENISA Threat Landscape Report 2013.European Union Agency for Network and Information Security. Marinos, L., Belmonte, A., Rekleitis, E. (2014). ENISA Threat Landscape 2015.Heraklion, Greece: ENISA. doi,10, 061861. Olesen, N. (2016). European Public-Private Partnerships on Cybersecurity-An Instrument to Support the Fight Against Cybercrime and Cyberterrorism. InCombatting Cybercrime and Cyberterrorism(pp. 259-278). Springer International Publishing. Rhee, K., Won, D., Jang, S. W., Chae, S., Park, S. (2013). Threat modeling of a mobile device management system for secure smart work.Electronic Commerce Research,13(3), 243-256. Scott, K. (2016, November). Phobic Cartography: a Human-Centred, Communicative Analysis of the Cyber Threat Landscape. Skopik, F., Settanni, G., Fiedler, R. (2016). A problem shared is a problem halved: A survey on the dimensions of collective cyber defense through security information sharing. Computers Security, 60, 154-176. Wang, Y., Anokhin, O., Anderl, R. (2017). 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Wednesday, April 1, 2020

Locke Essays (2480 words) - Empiricists, Empiricism, Epistemologists

Locke I. General Notions Francis Bacon and Thomas Hobbes were not truly conscious of the phenomenalistic consequences of their theory of knowledge, which was based on empiricism. Both considered sensation as phenomenal presentations and also as representations of reality. Thus they still had something upon which to build an absolute metaphysics. With Locke gnosiological phenomenalism enters its critical phase. By considering sensations merely as subjective presentations, Locke gives us a theory of knowledge of subjective data devoid of any relation with external objects. Hence Locke is the first to give us a logic for Empiricism, that is, for sensations considered as phenomena of knowledge. Such an attitude excludes any consistent metaphysics of objective reality. Locke, however, overlooking everything he has established in his solution to the problem of knowledge, gives us a metaphysics which is not greatly different from the scholastic. He even appeals to the familiar principles of Scholasticism, showing how difficult it is for man to withdraw from the philosophy of being. Berkeley, first, and then David Hume went all the way and reduced being to the status of a subjective phenomenon. In so doing, these two philosophers merely drew the logical conclusions of the gnosiological phenomenalism proposed by John Locke. II. Life and Works John Locke was born in 1632 at Wrington, Somersetshire, England. He studied philosophy and the natural sciences at Oxford, and received his doctorate in medicine. Having entered into the graces of Lord Ashley, who later became the Earl of Shaftesbury, Locke held several political offices. Thus he had the opportunity to visit France, where he made the acquaintance of the most representative men of culture. In 1683 he went into exile in Holland; there he participated in the political movement that placed William of Orange upon the throne of England. After the accession of William of Orange, he returned to England, retired to private life, and dedicated himself to his studies. He died in 1704. Locke is a representative of the English culture of his time. With a mind open to the most varied problems, Locke was a philosopher, a doctor of medicine, and educator, a politician and a man of action. Locke's principal works, in chronological order, are: Treatises on Government; Essay Concerning Human Understanding (his masterpiece); Thoughts on Education. III. Epistemology: Origin of Knowledge Descartes had admitted that some some ideas are innate in the intellect. Locke dedicated the first book of his Essay Concerning Human Understanding to a refutation of Descartes' innatism. If we had innate ideas, says Locke, we would be conscious of having them. But it is an undeniable fact that children, savages, the unlearned, are not conscious of having innate ideas; they acquire knowledge during the course of a lifetime. It is impossible that anyone should have knowledge of something of which he is not conscious. Furthermore, experience teaches that certain moral principles and the notion of God, far from being innate, vary with different people and at different times. Hence there exists no innate idea; our intellect, at the first moment of its being, is a tabula rasa, a clean sheet of paper on which nothing has yet been written. All impressions we later find thereon (which for Locke are ideas) come from experience. Locke's ideas are not to be confused with Aristotle ideas, but are to be taken in the sense of representations, or better, of presentations. Locke explains that experience is twofold: external and internal. ? External experience, called sensation, gives us ideas of supposed external objects, such as color, sound, extension, motion. etc. Locke says supposed objects, since their existence has not been proved. (In a theory of knowledge limited to the experience of mental content, such as that of Locke, it is utterly impossible to prove the actual existence of these supposed objects.) ? Internal experience, called reflection, makes us understand the operation of the spirit on the objects of sensation, such as knowing, doubting, believing and so forth. In regard to the ideas furnished by sensation, it is necessary to distinguish the primary qualities (solidity, extension, figure, number, motion, etc.), which are objective, from the secondary qualities (color, sounds, etc.), which are subjective in their effect and objective in their cause. In other words the secondary qualities are powers for producing various sensations in

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Karma And Samsara Essays - Shabda, Reincarnation, Karma In Hinduism

Karma And Samsara Essays - Shabda, Reincarnation, Karma In Hinduism Karma And Samsara The belief in Karma and Samsara form the basis for the Hindus religious worldview. It has been central to Hinduism for thousands of years, and as a result forms a major part in the philosophical thinking of many Hindus today. The ideas of Karma and Samsara are evident in almost all of the great Hindu scriptures, being touched on in the Vedas, but first properly introduced in the Upanishads. When the idea of Samsara was first introduced it led to a quest for liberation through the practice of austerity or meditation or both. To be released form this life the Hindus needed to wipe out the effects of their past actions or Karma. It is this set of beliefs that formed the background of many of Hindus religious movements and beliefs. Karma is the belief according to which a persons future life is determined by past and present actions. Every action, bodily, intellectual or ethical, good or bad, big or small will have its effect. Nothing other than the effects of earlier actions has determined the present state of affairs and nothing other than the present actions will determine the future circumstances. The law of Karma allows no room for chance or divine intervention as everything is inevitably determined by it. The Brhardaranyaka Upanisad simply sates By good actions one becomes good, by bad actions one becomes bad(4.4.5) (Koller 1982: 59). Intertwined with belief in Karma is the idea of Samsara, which is the cycle of repeated births and deaths that subjects an individual not merely to one death but to innumerable deaths (Koller 1982:9). Hindus believe that as a person dies the Atman (the unconscious, immaterial part of a human) carries the results of their good and bad actions (Karma) into their next existence. This previous Karma will determine what sort of position a Hindu will occupy in their new existence, for example, if a person in a low caste has been very good in their past existence they will be born into a higher caste in their next life. The ideas of Karma and Samsara have justified the unequal Caste system, which has been an integral part of Indian society for hundreds of years. At the time of the Rig Veda (the earliest Hindu scriptures around 1000 B.C.E) (Smart 1989: 60) the key concepts of Karma and Samsara had not actually been stated. However, it does mention that a persons conduct in this world determines his life after death. The brahmins (the religious leaders) stressed the importance of the sacred act of sacrificing which was supposed to have a bearing on mans fate in the next world, and consequently the Satapatha Brahmana 11.1.8,6, states that the Sacrifice becomes the self of the sacrificer in the next world(Stutley 1985: 23). So, even at this early stage of Hinduism, the idea of Karma played an important role in the Hindus worldview. It was not until the Upanishads (the principal ones dating from 800-400B.C.E) (Smart 1989:49) that we first meet with the doctrines of Karma and Samsara. The Upanishads are concerned essentially with the meaning of the sacrificial rites, and come to the conclusion that knowledge in the true reality is the key rather than expertise in rituals like the Rig Vedas were. In the process they introduce profound metaphysical and religious ideas, such as Karma and Samsara. The Chandogya Upanisad sums up the ideas of Karma and Samsara those who are of pleasant conduct here the prospect is indeed that they will enter a pleasant womb, either the womb of a Kshatriya or the womb of a Vaisya (high Indian Castes). But those who are of a striking conduct here the prospect is indeed, that, they will enter the womb of a dog, or the womb of a swine, or the womb of an outcast(Lipner 1994: 45). The central concept in the Upanishads is that of Brahman. Brahman is the highest truth, the eternal being on which all other beings depend on. Brahman is the same as the atman, in other words, that ultimate being out there, is the same as that eternal something within you. The goal for many Hindus became at this time to gain Moksha (release from Samsara) which

Thursday, February 20, 2020

The Economic Dragons Threatening Our World Research Paper

The Economic Dragons Threatening Our World - Research Paper Example Offhand our exercise looks easy, but it is not, and this judgment has less to do with the dearth of facts than with the basic givens. â€Å"A rich East Asian nation with a pegged currency fixed to the US dollar for ten years, supported by a monetary policy of tight capital outward flows and unrestricted inflows is experiencing an upward pressure on the exchange rate.† The question remains: what to do now? Deciding on a strategy depends on a clear understanding of the world’s monetary system, the role that exchange rates play, how they are determined, and what will happen if we do nothing. As Robert Solomon said (1977, cited in Samuelson, 1992): The world’s monetary system is like the traffic lights in a city, taken for granted until it begins to malfunction and to disrupt people’s lives†¦A well-functioning monetary system will facilitate international trade and investment and smooth adaptation to change. A monetary system that functions poorly may not only discourage the development of trade and investment among nations but subject their economies to disruptive shocks when necessary adjustments are prevented or delayed. The world’s monetary system refers â€Å"to the set of policies, institutions, practices, regulations, and mechanisms that determine the rate at which one currency is exchanged for another† (Shapiro, 1996). It is the coordinated way each nation manages its supply of money so that we can buy and sell each other’s goods, doing business by exchanging pieces of paper, the value of which we agree on called money.